The Provincial Party Committee's Economic Working Conference held on December 27 proposed that the general attack should be a well-off society, deepen the regional layout, strengthen industrial support, optimize economic governance, and ensure the successful completion of a well-off society and the 13th Five-Year Plan.
"Want to understand, clarify, and achieve the right position", with firm confidence, courage and fortitude, forge ahead, overcome difficulties, and compose a new chapter of high-quality development in Hubei in the new era.
Stay focused and move forward. Experts and scholars will read the spirit of the conference together around the key tasks of 2020 economic work, so stay tuned.
[Keywords] three major offensives
Climb across the barrier
[Conference Spirit Summary]
Unswervingly fight the three major offensives. Stick to bottom-line thinking and precise policy to ensure that tasks are completed on schedule. Make sure to win the battle against poverty. To ensure the achievement of the phased targets for pollution prevention. Ensure that there are no systemic regional significant risks.
Experts interviewed: Professor Zou Wei, School of Economics and Management, Wuhan University
On the road to a well-off society, if you are not alone, the closer you are to completion, the less you can relax. Pollution prevention is related to the quality of building a well-off society in an all-round way, and you ca n’t relax in a moment. Zou Wei said that fighting the three major battles is a major hurdle that must be crossed in order to build a well-off society in an all-round way, and we must maintain our work intensity and perseverance.
It is necessary to strictly follow the standards to overcome the "last fortress" in the fight against poverty. At the same time, it is necessary to consolidate the results of poverty alleviation and help the returnees and newly emerged poor. Zou Wei believes that we must continue to do a good job in three areas.
The first is to pay attention to multi-dimensional poverty. On the basis of solving the "two worry-free problems," we pay more attention to deeper issues, including the continuous promotion of rural compulsory education, basic medical care, housing safety, and safe and sustainable drinking water. The second is to consolidate results and prevent new poverty. Absolutely poor households have the characteristics of “poverty vulnerability” and need to help them have the ability to escape poverty and prevent return to poverty. The third is to promote poverty alleviation and agricultural development, farmers to become rich, change in rural appearance, and maintenance of rural environment as a whole, and explore the establishment of a long-term mechanism to resolve relative poverty.
"The key is to enable the poor households to have the ability to return to poverty, no longer need a" stick ", and to be able to get over as much as possible," said Zou Wei.
In Zou Wei's view, fighting well to fight against pollution embodies the spirit of the central government, national strategy, and Hubei's mission. Among the provinces along the Yangtze River Economic Belt, the Yangtze River is the longest in Hubei, with a wide watershed. Hubei has a great responsibility for ecological protection and a special mission. "Our province attaches great importance to the fight against pollution, and has now reached the stage of climbing and overcoming obstacles. The next step is to work on the four aspects of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division." Zou Wei suggested.
To increase, to increase as much as possible high-quality green industries and environmental protection industries, to increase investment in research and development, and to develop more environmentally friendly industries with high added value; to reduce, to further reduce water and soil pollution along the Yangtze River And engineering; multiplication is to use the multiplier principle to promote more new technologies and new formats with innovation, especially the digital economy and smart economy; in addition, it is to pre-empt the hidden dangers of the environment and plan ahead, instead of treating the pollution, including Water, gas, soil, etc.
[Keywords] strong market construction
Expand effective supply and promote consumption upgrade
[Conference Spirit Summary]
Unswervingly promote the construction of a strong market. Fully tap the potential of domestic demand and accelerate the construction of a strong market to provide strong support for the stable operation of the economy. Giving play to the role of "Dinghai Shenzhen" for effective investment. Give play to the basic role of consumption. Do a good job of regulating economic operation. Solidly promote the revitalization of the countryside.
Experts interviewed: Shi Junwei, professor of Zhongnan University of Economics and Law
"Establishing a strong market is a systematic project." Shi Junwei, a professor at Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, said that the province started from four aspects: investment, consumption, policy scheduling, and rural rejuvenation to expand effective supply and promote consumption upgrades, thereby promoting the construction of a strong market.
First, expanding investment is not blind investment, but investment that complements shortfalls and expands demand. Increasing investment in areas such as infrastructure and old city reconstruction is conducive to increasing employment, increasing income, and reducing the cost of living, thereby further enhancing purchasing power. It is an important measure to increase consumption levels. Accelerating the construction of high-end projects such as 5G is conducive to cultivation. High-end industries, to meet the high-quality needs of citizens, is a key move in consumer upgrades.
"Traditional displacement-type consumption models are shifting towards personalized and refined consumption." Shi Junwei said that this new change determines that industries and consumption must be "double-upgraded" and more new business models suitable for young people's consumption must be cultivated. For the government, it is necessary to expedite the removal of barriers to consumption, such as accelerating the reduction of logistics costs, opening up the "last mile" of urban and rural transportation, and allowing the county and township people to spend the same amount of money to buy products of the same quality as in large cities. County and township market consumption upgrades can further increase consumption.
To upgrade consumption, supply security is key. Shi Junwei believes that doing a good job in economic operation scheduling and regulation and promoting rural rejuvenation can better ensure effective supply, basic supply, and further enhance consumption capacity. In his view, strengthening the government's overall policy coordination is conducive to creating a better and fairer business environment and market environment, promoting the formation of a unified large market, and promoting consumption upgrades. At the same time, the government has strengthened operational scheduling and reduced extensive investment, allowing more capital to be invested in projects that meet the needs of the people, are conducive to industrial upgrading and enhance local competitiveness, and ensure accurate and efficient supply.
"Promoting the revitalization of the countryside and building a strong market provides a strong guarantee." He said that by stabilizing basic daily necessities such as "rice bags", "vegetable baskets" and live pigs, the market was stabilized and people's money bags were stabilized. Much money is spent on other things. Hubei is a large agricultural province, and its grain products are stable at more than 50 billion jin, which has made important contributions to the food security of Hubei and even the whole country.
[Keywords] reform and opening up
Creating a New Highland of "Institutional Opening"
[Conference Spirit Summary]
Unswervingly deepen reform and expand opening up. We will shift the focus of reform to system integration, synergy and efficiency, and promote opening up to a wider range, wider fields, and deeper levels. Promote basic and key reforms. Accelerate the construction of a new highland for inland opening.
Experts interviewed: Qian Xuefeng, Dean, School of Business Administration, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law
"Unswervingly deepening the reform and opening up is timely and significant." Qian Xuefeng believes that the Provincial Party Committee's Economic Work Conference not only implements the spirit of the Central Economic Work Conference, connects and serves major national strategies, but also fits the economic development of Hubei Province. In fact, the reform focuses on clear, clear, and pragmatic, and the pattern of opening up is larger, higher, and deeper.
Qian Xuefeng said that to deepen the reform of state-owned enterprises and state-owned assets, promote the reform of the allocation of market elements, and deepen the "decentralization of service" reform, a series of basic and key reforms must take advantage of the institutional superiority of socialist co-construction and co-governance and sharing with Chinese characteristics and deal with Improve the relationship between the government and the market, improve the government's governance capacity and level, and achieve "requirements, everything without interruption". It must be fully released, managed accurately, and services obtained. Finally, "the market plays a decisive role in resource allocation. "Creating good external conditions will in turn stimulate the vitality of corporate innovation, drive industrial development momentum, and promote high-quality economic development in the province.
In Qian Xuefeng's view, the business environment is an important soft strength for a local development, as well as its core competitiveness. To speed up the construction of a new highland for inland opening, Hubei must actively expand the use of foreign capital, deepen its integration into the “Belt and Road” initiative, improve the level of trade facilitation, and vigorously create a market-oriented, rule-of-law, and international business environment. The Hubei Pilot Free Trade Zone can be used as a breakthrough point and test field to accelerate the coupling and docking with international rules to form a replicable and generalizable experience for the whole province; relying on the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt and the construction of the “Belt and Road” initiative, make good use of the international capacity cooperation in central China Forums, "World Top 500" dialogues with Hubei, Yangtze River-Volga "two rivers" river basin cooperation, Hubei-Japan Kansai region cooperation and other local characteristic platforms, attract foreign investment, talents and other high-quality factors to gather in Hubei. At the same time, Hubei should continue to reduce the negative list, strive to protect intellectual property rights, continue to improve customs clearance efficiency, vigorously encourage institutional innovation, accelerate the improvement of the "single window" of international trade, and accelerate the promotion of goods from commodities in accordance with the country's requirements for a new level of open economy. With the factor-based openness and the transition to institutional openness such as rules and standards, Hubei can also become a new highland for inland opening up in terms of institutional openness.
[Keywords] the real economy
Building the "key foundation" for high-quality development
[Conference Spirit Summary]
Unswervingly make the real economy better and stronger as the key to promoting high-quality development. We will lay a solid foundation for advanced industrial foundation and modernize the industrial chain. Build a powerful engine for innovation and development. Efforts will be made to improve the basic capabilities of the industry. Comprehensively improve the level of the industrial chain. Support high-quality development of the private economy.
Experts interviewed: Ye Xueping, Director of Economic Research Institute of Hubei Academy of Social Sciences
"The real economy is the 'ballast stone' for economic development and an important driver for the high-quality development of the economy." Ye Xueping said that to promote high-quality economic development in Hubei, the foundation of the real economy must be established.
He pointed out that Hubei's real economy is large but not strong, indicating that its competitiveness is not strong enough, and its efficiency and quality are not good enough. It is urgent to be stronger and better through innovation drive.
With the outbreak of a new round of information technology revolution, the territory of the manufacturing industry is being reshaped, accelerating the pace of innovation, and stepping up the layout of high-end fields, which not only concerns the overall competitiveness of the manufacturing industry, but also affects the right to speak in the future. "If you seize the opportunity, you will win the first chance. If you don't catch it, you will be eliminated."
"Combining soft and hard to create a powerful engine of innovation and development." Ye Xueping suggested that in soft aspects, deepen the reform of the scientific and technological system, solve the problems of institutional mechanisms, innovative talent services, scientific research funding management, distribution and incentives and other policy measures, and give play to the leading role of academicians and experts. Optimize the innovation ecology; promote research and development investment through multiple channels, strengthen the role of corporate innovation as the mainstay, and leverage social capital into technological innovation; strengthen the protection and use of intellectual property rights, and support the conversion of more scientific and technological achievements into real productivity. On the hard side, we must build a scientific research platform, make full use of the four national industrial bases and three national innovation centers, vigorously promote technological innovation, and enhance the scientific and technological content and core competitiveness of the real economy.
Ye Xueping said that Hubei has established a complete and large-scale industrial system, but in general the problems of weak industrial basic capabilities and low level of modernization of the industrial chain are more prominent. Some core technologies, key equipment, basic materials, basic software, The problem of "restrained by people" such as basic components is still relatively common, and there is an urgent need to lay the groundwork for advanced industrial foundation and modernization of the industrial chain.
He suggested that we pay close attention to the weaknesses and deficiencies of core basic components, key basic materials, advanced basic processes and industrial technology foundations, speed up the implementation of industrial strong foundation projects, and cultivate a number of strategic emerging industries; meanwhile, keep close focus on key traditional industries and regulations. Industrial enterprises will implement a new round of technological transformation, increase the planning of major industrial projects such as “vibrating the core and cast souls” in the manufacturing sector, accelerate the digital, networked, and intelligent transformation of industrial enterprises, and bring new momentum.
[Keywords] regional economic layout
Create Wuhan City Circle Upgrade
[Conference Spirit Summary]
Unswervingly implement the regional economic layout. Promote the implementation of the "one core, two belts and three zones" regional and industrial development layout by region and level, lead the development of urban agglomerations with central cities, drive regional development with urban agglomerations, and accelerate the construction of a high-quality development power system. Giving play to comparative advantages to cultivate and grow sources of growth momentum. Joint development enhances overall competitiveness. Improve the new mechanism for coordinated regional development.
Interviewed Experts: Wu Xinmu, Dean, Regional Development Institute, Wuhan University
Central cities and urban agglomerations are becoming the main form of space that bears the elements of development. In Professor Wu Xinmu's view, the current competition of comprehensive national strength among major powers is no longer a competition between multinational corporations and megacities, but rather between urban agglomerations, especially the Greater Bay Area, such as the Great Lakes Region of the United States, Japan Tokyo Bay Greater Bay Area, China Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area. This requires us to attach great importance to the spatial layout of the urban agglomeration from the top design.
"To enhance the competitiveness of Hubei, we must first create an upgraded version of the Wuhan City Circle." Wu Xinmu said that among the urban agglomerations in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, Wuhan 1 + 8 City Circle is at the core and is expected to become China after Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao and the Yangtze River Delta. Third growth pole. Wuhan, as one of the nine major national cities, has four national industrial bases, including the national memory base, plus Wuhan ’s original science and education, talents, transportation, and strong industrial foundation advantages, and it has great potential to become a new first-tier city. Its core and leading position in Wuhan City Circle and in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River will be more prominent.
Wu Xinmu said that when constructing the Wuhan urban circle more than a decade ago, some cities were worried that Wuhan's "siphon" effect on surrounding cities would be greater than that of radiation and drive, and it was not enthusiastic. "Now it's very different. Ezhou, Xiaogan, Xiantao and other surrounding cities are vying to move closer to Wuhan." Wu Xinmu said that Wuhan, which has greatly improved its comprehensive strength, has greatly strengthened its surrounding radiation, and the trend of industrial shifts has become increasingly obvious, such as Wuhan Focus on the development of the headquarters economy and high-level R & D bases, focusing on high-tech industries such as the "core screen end network", while a large number of bases for achievement transformation, production, and industrial support have been transferred to surrounding cities.
Wu Xinmu believes that Wuhan should take advantage of comparative advantages such as research and development, talents, and capital to cultivate and grow a source of growth; Wuhan should not let it go; surrounding cities should actively seize opportunities to better connect with Wuhan in transportation, industry, and other aspects, and strengthen its deep integration and interaction with Wuhan. The division of labor and cooperation has truly achieved the coordinated development and coordinated development of Wuhan's urban circle. At the same time, it is necessary to develop and expand the Yijingjing and Xiangshi Suicheng urban agglomerations, and establish them as important supporting areas for the Yangtze River's green economy and innovation-driven development zone and the Hanxiao Suixiangshi manufacturing high-quality development zone, so that the "one core and two zones" The “Three Districts” continue to bear fruit and promote the high-quality development of Hubei.
Be concerned about everything
[Conference Spirit Summary]
Unswervingly implement the people-centered development thinking. Starting from the small things that the masses are generally concerned with, we should solve the problems of people's livelihood and continuously enhance the people's sense of gain, happiness, and security. Hold the bottom line of life. Prioritizing employment. Enhance public service supply capacity. Effectively regulate and manage the real estate market. Strengthen and innovate social governance.
Experts interviewed: Wu Wei, researcher, National Institute of Governance, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Wu Wei believes that the five key areas of livelihood work have captured the key to Hubei ’s social livelihood issues, highlighted the focus of improving people ’s livelihood and social governance, and are related to the overall situation of the overall progress of our province ’s society.
Ensuring the basic life line of people in need is related to social stability. The protection standards for the needy should be adjusted accordingly as prices change, in order to be truly thorough. "The Provincial Party Committee's Economic Work Conference proposed the implementation of a linkage mechanism between social assistance and security standards and price increases, and the implementation of social assistance policies such as temporary price subsidies, which will help to resolve the impact of price fluctuations on difficult populations." Wu Wei said that the province plans to speed up Provincial co-ordination of endowment insurance to ensure that all provincial-level unified income and expenditure of basic endowment insurance is achieved by the end of 2020 will also contribute to equalization and stabilization of endowment insurance and can also serve as a stabilizer.
Prioritizing stable employment, stabilizing total employment, improving employment structure, and improving the quality of employment, Wu Wei believes that this is necessary for the province's high-quality development, supply-side structural reform, and industrial transformation and upgrading. "It is necessary to properly handle the relationship between total employment, structure, and quality to prevent inconsistencies and imbalances. At the same time, in addition to government forces, we must also guide social forces to participate in and increase vocational training for some employed people. It is more adapted to market needs. "
After a large number of people get employed, they need corresponding public services and living space. Our province proposes the tasks of promoting the high-quality and balanced development of public services such as urban and rural education, medical care, promoting the stable and healthy development of the real estate market, expanding the supply of leased housing, and renovating old communities. The basic purpose is to enhance the overall competitiveness of the city and make the people live and work in peace and contentment. .
In terms of social governance, Wu Wei proposed to promote the grass-roots governance experience of our province's "Baibuting Community Party Construction Work Method" and "Qingheju Red Engine". In the context of advancing the modernization of the governance system, there is great potential for innovative social governance concepts, organizations, systems, and methods. For example, the use of big data technology to promote the modernization of local governance and create a new pattern of urban and rural grassroots governance. (Transferred from Hubei Daily)
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